Tuesday, 5 July 2011



—  City District  —
Clockwise from top: Kim's Gun, Badshahi Mosque, Samadhi of Ranjit Singh, Lahore Museum, Shalimar Gardens, Lahore Fort and Minar-e-Pakistan

Nickname(s): Paris of the East The Pearl of Punjab[4]
The garden of the Mughals
The cultural capital of Pakistan[7]
Data Ki Nagri (City of Ali Hujwiri)[8]
The heart of Pakistan
City of Gardens
Location of Lahore (in red) in Punjab, Pakistan and (inset) Punjab in Pakistan
Coordinates: 31°32′59″N 74°20′37″ECoordinates: 31°32′59″N 74°20′37″E
Country  Pakistan
Province Punjab
City District Government 11th September 2008
City Council Lahore
Towns 9
 - Type City District
 - Divisional Commissioner Khusroo Pervaiz (D.M.G)
 - City Nazim
 - Naib Nazim
 - District Coordination Officer Ahad Khan Cheema (D.M.G)
 - Total 1,772 km2 (684 sq mi)
Elevation 217 m (712 ft)
Population (2009[14])
 - Total 10,000,000
  Combined population of Lahore City and Lahore Cantonment
Postal code 54000
Dialling code 042[15]
Website lahore.gov.pk
Lahore Cantonment is a legally separate military-administered settlement.
Lahore (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور; pronounced [laːˈɦɔːr] ( listen)) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and the second largest city in Pakistan, after Karachi. The city lies along the Ravi River, situated approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) from the Wagah border crossing and is 32 kilometres (20 mi) from the Indian city of Amritsar.
Historically, Lahore has been a center of cultural heritage for many civilizations. It successively served as regional capital of the empires of the Shahi kingdoms in the 11th century, the Ghaznavids in the 12th century, the Ghurid State in the 12th and 13th century, the Mughal Empire in the 16th century, the Sikh Empire in the early 19th century, and it was the capital of the Punjab region under the British Raj in the mid 19th and early 20th century. The traditional capital of Punjab for a thousand years, Lahore was the cultural center of the northern Indian subcontinent extending from Peshawar to New Delhi. Mughal structures such as the Badshahi Mosque, the Lahore Fort, Shalimar Gardens, and the mausolea of Jehangir and Nur Jehan are popular tourist attractions for the city. Lahore is also home to many British colonial structures built in the Mughal-Gothic style, such as the Lahore High Court, the General Post Office, Lahore Museum and many older universities including the University of the Punjab. The Lahore Zoo, world's third oldest zoo, is also situated here.

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